Basic Web and Internet Terminology
Not everyone can be tech savvy or Internet whizzes. Many people are intimidated by the Internet, technology that is practically a separate entity with its own space and language. The terminology can make an Internet experience frustrating and debilitating, but once you know the basic language, the Internet can be approached with more confidence. The following are some of the basic terms commonly used on the Internet.
- Bookmark—this is a way of storing favorite sites, making it easier to return to them.
- Browser—this is a program that provides a way to access the Internet.
- Chat—chat and chatting refer to real-time, almost instantaneous communication over the Internet.
- Domain Name—this is the unique, alphabetic, root name identifying a website and registering it through approved sources, to prevent more than one person from having the same website name. A domain name example would be: www.rootname.com
- Email—this is a shortening of the term electronic mail and refers to text messages sent through an Internet service from one person to another, emulating the postal service, which is often referred to as Snail Mail.
- FAQ—stands for Frequently Asked Questions and is a list of questions and answers related to the subject of the website where it is found.
- Home page—this is the page that appears when first entering the Internet, acting as a base of operations for the user.
- HTML—stands for HyperText Markup Language and is the basic code which creates web pages. The code is not visible when viewing a web page, but is the behind-the-scenes formatting that makes a web page possible. Internet servers translate HTML code into visual web pages.
- HTTP—stands for HyperText Transfer Protocol and is the protocol that tells a server how to locate and produce a web page. Typed into the browser, this is usually placed in front of a website address, like the following example: http://www.address.com
- Hyperlink or Link—this is usually an image or piece of text that has been coded to take the user to another web page when the user clicks on it—to link the original page with another page. Links are often underlined and in a different color to emphasize their linking nature.
- Instant Messaging—this is a form of instant text communication between two or more online users.
- Internet—a global system of computer networks allowing communication and information exchange in the form of text, photo, audio, and video documents.
- IP Address—stands for Internet Protocol Address and is the numeric address of each specific computer connecting to the Internet. IP addresses are assigned by Internet Service Providers.
- ISP—stands for Internet Service Provider and is a company that provides their clients with direct access to the Internet.
- Search Engine—this is a tool that allows users to search for information on the Internet using keywords or phrases.
- Spam—this is the term for unsolicited email sent by a “spammer,” a person or organization sending unwanted mail.
- URL—stands for Uniform Resource Locator and is the entire address of a website on the Internet. For example: http://www.address.com/website.html
- Virus—this is a program that is usually embedded in another program and activates when the carrier program is downloaded off of the Internet. Viruses perform many activities, most of which are unwelcome by the user and some of which can be extremely harmful to the user’s computer and data.
- Web Hosting—this is a service utilized through Internet Service Providers, providing a location for the files that create a website.
- Website—this is a collection of connected pages and images viewed on the Internet.
- WWW—stands for the World Wide Web and is the global hypertext system that allows for website navigation on the Internet.
The Internet is an amazingly versatile tool for communication and learning. From dictionaries and encyclopedias to chat rooms and message boards, the Internet has something for everyone. Having a basic understanding of Internet terminology can facilitate access to this global information network, giving everyone an incredible amount of freedom and opening up the entire world.
Article Source: Constant Content